The Railway Transport Charter
The Railway Transport Charter of the Russian Federation is a federal law that defines the rights, duties and responsibilities of railways, legal entities and individuals, including freight forwarders and other entities acting on their behalf which use rail transport services and companies using other modes of transport involved in direct intermodal transport.
The rules governing the transportation of goods by rail are legal acts that contain binding rules for carriers, infrastructure owners, freight shippers, consignees, private railway owners and other legal entities and physical persons. The rules also regulate the conditions of freight carriage based on the characteristics of the goods, train safety, the integrity of the freight, rail rolling stock and containers, as well as environmental safety.
The rail transport rulebook is an informational publication which announces laws, regulations and other acts approved in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Tariff guidebooks are collections which publish tariffs, rates of fees and charges for rail transport work and services, the rules governing the application of such tariffs, payment rates and fees in accordance with the legislation approved by the Russian Federation, as well as lists of railway stations, the distances between them and operations carried out on the territories of railway stations which have been approved by Russian federal executive authorities in the field of railway transport.
Basic railway Rules and Regulations.
A carrier is a legal entity or individual entrepreneur which has entered into a contract of carriage by public rail transport to transport passengers and freight entrusted to it by the consignor, luggage or shipped baggage from the point of departure to the designated destination, as well as to release the freight, luggage, or shipped baggage to the person (recipient) authorised to receive it.
Public rail transport infrastructure (hereinafter - the infrastructure) is a technological complex which includes public railway lines and other facilities, railway stations, electric power supply devices, communication networks, signalling, centralisation and blocking systems, information systems, the train management system and other systems and equipment which ensure the functioning of this complex and its buildings, structures, facilities and equipment.
The infrastructure owners are legal entities or individual entrepreneurs which own infrastructure as a result of property rights or other rights and which provide services regarding its use on the basis of the relevant licenses and contracts.
A consignor (sender) is a natural or legal person who, under a contract of carriage, acts on its own behalf or on behalf of the owner of the freight, luggage and shipped baggage and who is indicated in the carriage document.
A consignee (receiver) is a natural or legal person who is entitled to receive the freight, luggage and shipped baggage.
Freight is an object (including articles, objects, minerals, materials, raw materials and industrial and household waste) which has been accepted in the prescribed manner for carriage on freight wagons and containers.
Dangerous goods are those which, by virtue of their inherent properties, can under certain conditions during transport, shunting, handling and storage, cause explosions, fires and chemical or other kind of contamination or damage to the technical facilities, devices, equipment and other objects of rail transport and third parties, as well as endanger the life or health of people and the environment.
Public railway lines are railway lines on the territories of railway stations which are open to perform operations for train receptions and departures, the reception and delivery of freight, luggage and shipped baggage, passenger services and marshalling and shunting operations, as well as the railway lines connecting these stations.
Private railway lines are railway sidings directly adjacent to the public railway lines or accessible to them via other railway sidings which are designed to provide specific users with railway transport services under contractual conditions or to perform work for their own needs.
Owners of private railway lines are legal entities or individual entrepreneurs with the right of ownership or another right to a private line, as well as buildings, structures and facilities and other objects associated with the implementation of transport operations and the provision of railway transport services.